Kannada, Kannadiga, Kannadigaru, Karnataka,

Kannadigarella ondaagi Kannadavannu ulisona, kalisona and belesona

Huttidare Kannadanada Huttabeku…

Huttidare Kannadanada Huttabeku…

(If you are born you should be born in Karnataka..)

Sampath Devadiga, Amith Fernandes  

Karnataka is an enchanting land abounding in scenic beauty, rich in flora and fauna. It has pomp and pageantry of glorious traditions and marvels of modern engineering.

Tourist spots:

Karnataka’s manifold attractions include everything that interests the tourists. The wild game sanctuaries at Bandipur , Nagarhole and Dandeli, the Ranganathittu Bird’s Sanctuary. 5 Kms from Srirangapatna which is itself a well known tourist center;

Hill stations like Nandi Hills and Kemmannagundi and Mercara;

Beach resorts like Karwar, Ullal, Malpe, Mangalore and Maravanthe;

The world famous Brindavan Gardens at Krishnarajasagara,

The monolithic statue of Gommateshwara at Shravanabelagola,

Gol Gumbaz with its whispering gallery at Bijapur,

The Jog falls and other water falls at Shiva Samudram, Magod, Unchelli or Lushington near Siddapur, Lalguli at Yallapur and other places indicate the variety and richness of the attractions that Karnataka State holds out to the tourists.

Rich Heritage:

There are many places of historic and religious importance. The great Acharyas, Shankara, Ramanuja and Madhwa, preached in this region. Great reformers like Sri Basaveshwara, mathematicians like Baskaracharaya, commentators like Sayana, saint poiets like Purandaradasa and Kanakadasa, great writers like Pampa, Harihara and Kumara Vyasa have all enriched the heritage of Karnataka.

The temples at Aihole, Badami and Pattadakal in Bijapur District have great significance for all lovers of art. The temples of Halebedu, Belur and Somanathapura are great architectural achievements – the like of which are rarely seen in any part of the world.

The profusion of artistic skill is bewildering in its range and exquisiteness. At Hampi [Bellary district] one can see Indian sculpture in all its richness and vitality.

The Gol Gumbaz and Ibrahim-Roza at Bijapur, the Daria Daulat Bagh (Summer Palace) of Tippu Sultan at Srirangapatna, the Khwaja Bandenawaz Darga at Gulbarga are some of the remarkable examples of Islamic architecture. The churches at Mysore, Mangalore, Bangalore and Bijapur indicate the contribution of Christianity to the great repertoire of Karnataka’s culture. With all these manifold attractions a visit to Karnataka State is always memorable.

The walls of Daria Daulat Bagh palace in Shrirangapattna (spelled as Seringapatan in the old English archives) fort in Karnataka contain beautiful historic paintings. Hyder Ali commenced its construction in 1778 and his son Tippu  Sultan (1753-1799) had it completed in 1784 A.D. Constructed as a summer palace, Daria Daulat Bagh (the name indicates that it was built with the wealth acquired from sea-trade) is surrounded by a large garden on the southern bank of the Kaveri river. Its saracenic architecture is displayed on a platform that is a foot high. The western wall has large battle scenes representing Colonel Bailey’s defeat at Kancheevaram in 1780 A.D. Hyder Ali and Tippu Sultan are shown in the midst of their troops with the Nizam’s army arriving too late to help the British. On the eastern wall are court scenes, Rajas and Palegars (kings and courtiers). They include: the Chittur Queen, Mohamed Ali, Balaji with his queen, the King of Tanjavoore, Veer Raj of Kodagu, Somanath of Sindha, the Nawabs of Archat and Kadolpa, Balaji Bajirao Peshva, Madakari Nayak of Chitradurga, and Rani Chennamma of Kittur.

Karkal Gomateshwara:

Karkala situated about 35 Kms. from Udupi, is the headquarters of the Karkala Taluk. About, 52 kms. north-east of Mangalore, is known primarily for the statue of Lord Bahubali (Gomateshwara). The 45 – feet tall statue is estimated to weigh 80 tonnes. Besides its colossal size, the Karkala statue is rendered more striking by its situation on the top of a huge granite rock, 300 feet high, on the verge of a picturesque little lake. This image was erected by a Jain king in 1432, in memory of Bahubali (the first Tirthankara) who renounced the world at his most victorious moment. Just opposite to this image there is a Jain ‘Basadi’ known as ‘Chaturmukha Basadi’ which is built of granite. In front of this temple, there is a beautifully carved pillar called Manasthamhha which is nearly 50 feet high. It is the most beautiful and tallest of 11 Manasthambhas.  Like Moodabidri, there are 18 temples at Karkala. The monolith of Gomateshwara formed the nucleus around which the Jain Math and Basadis sprang up. They draw 3 streams of devotees, lovers of art and students of history.

Personalities:

The description of Karnataka is incomplete without mentioning its sons like Engineer and Architect Sir Vishweswaraiah, First Field Marshall of Independent India General Kariappa, Film makers Girish Karnad, Girish Kasarvalli, Dr. Rajkumar ,Cricketers Gundappa Vishwanath, Sadanand Vishwanath, Roger Binny, Kumble, Srinath, Parsad, Kirmani , Rahul Dravid politicians George Fernandes and Deve Gowda who have made India proud in their own way.

Festivals:

Dasara: 

Mysore is synonymous with Dasara celebrations. Several religious, cultural and other programmes mark the 10-day-long celebrations, which fall generally in the months of September-October, depending on the auspicious days of the Hindu calendar. Though the nine-day Navaratri and the 10th day celebration of Vijaya Dasami have lost their original royal grandeur, the celebrations still draw huge crowds. Tourists from India and abroad come to Mysore to see the various tourist attractions and witness the special programmes arranged during the 10-day festival and in particular the last day’s Dasara procession.

On all the ten days, the Mysore Palace is illuminated and renowned musicians of the State and outside give performances in front of the Palace. The Palace is also thrown open to the visitors and the royal throne is displayed. During the nine days, the State Government arranges music, dance, folk dance, doll shows, wrestling and sports competitions. A nearly two-month-long Dasara Exhibition is conducted at the Doddakere Maidan, where several business and industrial houses take part, apart from Government departments and boards and corporations setting up pavilions highlighting progress in various fields. The celebrations conclude with a colourful State-organized procession. Floats, police and their band units, mounted guards, armed police, and some traditional items of the royal family are taken out in the procession. An idol of Goddess Chamundeswari kept in the golden howdah atop a decorated elephant is the main attraction. Several elephants of the Forest Department also take part in the procession from the Palace to the Banni Mantap grounds, a distance of about 2.5 miles. Besides these programmes, special worship and religious ceremonies are conducted at several temples, the chief being the Chamundeswari Temple atop the Chamundi Hills.

Dasara fesitval has both mythological and historical background. It has its origin in the great epic of ‘Mahabharata’. The legendary Pandava brothers celebrated the festival to mark the triumph of good over evil. Coming out of their hiding in exile, they took out their hidden weapons and worshipped them, now celebrated as ‘Ayudha Puja’. The Navaratri is also associated with the Devi Purana and celebrated according to the rituals laid down in it, to mark the destruction of evil. Historically, the celebrations can be traced to the Vijayanagar rulers. The rulers of the glorious medieval Vijayanagar Empire celebrated it on a grand scale. The then visitors to the Vijayanagar Empire like Domingoes Paes, Fernao Nuniz and Robert Sewell have recorded in their works on the forgotten empire the majestic style in which the Vijayanagar rulers were celebrating. The Mahanavami Dibba remnant in Hampi stands as a monument to the famous celebrations. Though the celebration suffered after the destruction of Hampi, the capital of Vijayanagar Empire, the Mysore ruler, Raja Wodeyar, revived the tradition in 1610. He also prescribed the tradition in which the future rulers should celebrate the Navaratri.

Kannada poets of the period of Kanteerava Narasaraja Wodeyar and Chikka Devaraja Wodeyar have recorded in their classics the majestic Dasara celebrations. Even during the period of Hyder Ali Khan, the Mysore Wodeyars celebrated Dasara in the then capital of Mysore kingdom, Srirangapatna. Krishnaraja Wodeyar III and the subsequent rulers till Jayachamaraja Wodeyar revived the glory of the festival. With the abolition of princely rule, Dasara began to suffer and had been even stopped for a brief period. However, the State Government as ‘Nada Habba’ revived it. The scion of Mysore royal family, Srikanta Datta Narasimharaja Wodeyar, continues to celebrate the 10-day festival in the traditional form in his wing of the Palace. He holds a private Durbar and procession also.

July 16, 2007 - Posted by | Blogroll, KANNADA

1 Comment »

  1. howdree aen chnada namma kannada nadu.

    Comment by Manjunath | July 19, 2007 | Reply


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