Kannada, Kannadiga, Kannadigaru, Karnataka,

Kannadigarella ondaagi Kannadavannu ulisona, kalisona and belesona

Are Karnataka Farmers Slaves or Bonded Labors? e.Petition February10, 2007

Are Karnataka Farmers Slaves or Bonded Labors?

From: Ravinder Singh <corruptionfree2007@yahoo.com>
Date: Sat Feb 10, 2007 2:12 am
Subject: Are Karnataka Farmers Slaves or Bonded Labors?

e.Petition February10, 2007


Honorable sh. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam,

President of India

Rashtrapati Bhawan,

New Delhi- 110004


Are Karnataka Farmers Slaves or Bonded Labors? 


Respected Sir,

Firstly I am concerned by the unequal treatment of citizens of two different states by the GOI in Cauvery Tribunal Award, secondly very poor food production in Cauvery basin- potential shortfall of 30 million tones from 5.5 million hectare cultivable area in the basin and thirdly irresponsible conduct of states of India.


Tribunal sadly ignored the needs of the farmers and gave in to politics. Karnataka farmers in Cauvery basin get little rains and little Canal waters to raise a paddy crop but water of Karnataka is taken out to raise 2-3 poor paddy crops in TN.


It would have been satisfying had TN raised something like 20 million tones of paddy from 2-3 crops in 2.9 million hectares, Punjab raises 15 million tones of paddy in single crop over 2.5 million hectares. But yield in four Cauvery districts is 1.2 million tones only. Thus there is a strong case for restricting paddy cultivation to single cropping pattern in both Cauvery basin states.


Inventor�s Award would have been to first focus on fulfilling Karnataka needs of irrigating paddy in Southwest monsoon period and use 270 TMC water allocated to it and then let most of the water in its dams to raise good crop in TN during Northwest monsoon when TN get maximum rains.


Farmers of Karnataka were treated by TN as bonded labor or slaves, which �Robbing� of their water resources render them, while anti bonded labor/slavery laws are in place but farmers of Karnataka have been tied by Tribunal Award for many more generations. A ruler ceded its rights to use riparian waters to another rulers under alien rule and fifth or sixth generation continue to pay the debt like slaves, denied of their natural rights to riparian waters. Clause II of the Tribunal Award recognizes 1892 and 1924 pre independence agreements.


For 115 years Cauvery basin people are fighting over use of Cauvery waters, there is very little productive use of water in Cauvery, food-grains production in TN using most of Cauvery water food production in the four Cauvery districts of TN is just 1.2 million tones or around 5 million tones food grain production in entire basin- Punjab allocated less water than in Cauvery produces 25 million tones. Cauvery could have been producing 35 million tones.




Now it known Tribunal Awarded 192 TMC water at Biligundlu which translates to committed releases of 217 TMC at Mettur Dam against interim award of 205. Water resource of Cauvery is 740 TMC. Tribunal has also awarded 30 TMC to Kerala and 21 TMC of that shall be in Karnataka account. Thus Karnataka has to release 217+21 TMC of water or 238 TMC against 205 prescribed earlier in interim order. 


But mischief in Cauvery Tribunal Award is dependability of 50% against 75% taken as a rule. The water in the basin is calculated to be 740 TMC based on 50% dependability but at Lower Cooleron Anicut- up to 10% of Cauvery water may be generating below the Lower Cooleron Anicut.


It is also noticed that design discharge of the Lower Cooleron Anicut is 4,50,000 cusecs, yield of Cauvery is calculated above this point. There are obviously substantial overflows going waste. Dams in the upstream could have captured substantial surplus waters.


Cauvery Tribunal Award was not influenced by �Expert Opinion or Public Interest� but by political demands. When Karnataka is raising paddy and need maximum water, prescribed releases for June-July-August-September-October months are 10, 34, 50, and 40 TMC = 134 TMC or 70% of 192 TMC prescribed releases in Cauvery for TN. Cauvery Tribunal award therefore sabotages agriculture in Karnataka when it could have easily supported one fully assisted crop each in Karnataka and TN.


It is utterly foolish of the Cauvery Tribunal to prescribe 134 TMC water releases for paddy in June-September when TN get 320 mm rains in 122 days not when TN get 670 mm rains in 92 days for paddy. Tribunal ought to have ensured adequate water releases for main crops in both states and then proceeded to allocate surplus.


Inventor has noted TN has demanded and Cauvery Tribunal Agreed to only 45 TMC or 23% of 192 TMC of water for main Samba crop of paddy during Northwest monsoon October-November-December (22,15 and 8 TMC) to avoid overflows in to sea. Mettur dam has live capacity of 90 TMC so TN could manage up to 135 TMC of water releases Samba crop, which is not adequate for 2.9 million hectares of cultivable land.


Area under paddy in Cauvery districts of TN is 5,70,000 hectares only in four Cauvery districts. Tribunal Award is therefore a big fraud in prescribing 419 TMC to TN.


Data From India�s Water Wealth � by K.L. Rao

Area in Thousand Hectares



Gross Sown

Gross Irrigated

Canal Irrigated











Tamil Nadu











Rainfall In Millimeter In Karnataka

District/ Rains

Actual June1-Sept30 2006

Normal June1 Sept30

Irrigated By

Canal %

Production of Food in %



















26095 (4%)


Approx. Average

300 in 122 Days

400 in122 Days


14.75% of Karnataka







It can be seen in the data given in K.L. Rao book India�s Water Wealth, are under canal irrigation was only 170,000 hectares or 7% of the cultivable area in Karnataka compared to 940,000 hectares or 32% in TN.


Karnataka get most of rains in 122 day Southwest monsoon period but the rainfall in Karnataka four major districts in Cauvery basin below Krishna Raj Sagar dam is 400 mm only. So it is essential to release canal waters to assist paddy cultivation and get good crops.


But in TN most of the rains fall during Northeast Monsoon from October-November-December period.


Rainfall In Millimeter In Tamil Nadu

District/ Normal Rains


June01- Sept30

Oct01- Dec31

















Approx. Average

100 in 92 Days

320 in 122 Days

670 in 92 Days




(A) A law must be enacted to firstly prescribe river waters based on food grains production and to penalize waste of river waters.


(B) One large dam was required by both states to trap water for their use.


(C) Water saving technologies ought to be introduced in conveying waters to crops.


Thank you,



Ravinder Singh

Inventor & Consultant











February 15, 2007 - Posted by | Bangalore, Karnataka and Kannada, Nanjundappa Report


  1. 1924
    When British ruled TN, Karnataka was allowed to utilize kaveri water for only 1.5 lakh acres of land whereas TN was allowed to utilize 10 lakh acres of land
    This can be attributed to British imperialism
    Even 44 years after Independence, Karnataka can use kaveri water for only 11.2 lakh acres of land whereas there were no such regulations for TN – what sort of justice is this?
    It is well known now that the imperialistic British unfairly prevented Karnataka from expanding its irrigation base more than TN. But how fair is it to follow the same biased policy even after independence?
    Even after 60 years of Indepence, a biased verdict has now been passed that Karnataka still can use only 18.85 lakh acres, whereas TN can use 24.71 lakh acres
    Isn’t this a continuation of the biased treatment meted out by the British?

    Comment by Shivakumar PM | February 16, 2007 | Reply

  2. Why build a dam over a natural river and create conflict between two states? We were peaceful before the dam came up

    Can you please say what were the crops tradiitonaly cultivated in the cauvery basin of Karnataka,prior to the construction of dam and their water requirement? can you compare the crops cultivated before and after the dam?

    In the same light, can the people of Tamil nadu also say that the people of Neyveli who bear the brunt of power station are bonded slaves sucked off their own resources to light the homes of Kannadigas?

    before making chauvinistic allegations, Just remember there are two faces for a coin..

    Comment by Merlin Franco | August 12, 2008 | Reply

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