Kannada, Kannadiga, Kannadigaru, Karnataka,

Kannadigarella ondaagi Kannadavannu ulisona, kalisona and belesona


Kannada Class – Session I Handout

kannada word English word Simple sentence

Kannada Class – Session 2 Handout

With Respect or Plural (wrp)

kannada word English word Simple sentence

Kannada Class – Session 3 Handout

kannada word English word

Words conveying relations

kannada word English word

Kannada Class – Session IV Handout

Numbers 1 to 20 and 10 to 100

1 – ondhu   11 – hannondhu  10 – hatthu

2 – eradu   12 – hanneradu  20 – ippatthu

3 – mooru   13 -hadhimooru  30 – muvatthu

4 – naalakku 14 – hadhinaalakku 40 – nalavatthu

5 – aidhu 15 – hadhinaidhu 50 – aivatthu

6 – aaru 16 – hadhinaaru 60 – aravatthu

7 – Elu 17 – hadhineLu 70 – eppatthu

8 – entu 18 – hadhinenTu 80 – embatthu

9 – ombatthu 19 – hatthombatthu 90 – thombatthu

10 – hatthu 20 – ippatthu 100 – nooru

Commonly required vegetables, fruits and colors name


Vegetables — tharakaari

Onion — eeruLLi

Garlic — beLLuLLi

Ginger — shunTi

Potato — aaloo gaDDe

Beans — huraLikaayi

Cucumber — southe kaayi

Ladies finger — benDe kaayi

Brinjal — badhane kaayi

Green chilly — hasimeNasina kaayi

Bay leaves — karibEvina soppu

Coriander leaves — kotthambari soppu


Apple — sEbu

Orange — kitthale

Moosambi — moosambi

Grapes — dhraakshi

Mango — maavina haNNu

Chikku — sapota

Custardapple – seethafala

Guava — seebE haNNu


Pink — gulaabi

Red — kempu

Yellow — haLadhi

Green — hasiru

Blue — neeli

White — biLi

Black — kappu

Orange — kEsari





Kannada Class 5

                        Vibhakti PrthyayagaLu


By adding ‘a’ to the end, one can frame a question. Ex :- hauda? , Alva?, ilva?, neevu software engineera?

Entha is a charcter prbing question? Ex: idu entaa haNNU? (Answer could be oLLE haNNu or ketta haNNU).

Aadaroo (Even then) when combined with questioning works, the meaning changes drastically.

Ex:- yaaru + aadaroo = yaaraadaroo (Any one)

yelli + aadaroo = yellaadaroo

hege + aadaroo = hegaadaroo….

Kannada Class 6

Brief introduction to Kannada language

‘Kannada’ is one of the oldest Dravidian languages and is spoken in its various dialects by roughly 45 million people. Kannada is one of the official languages of India and is the state official language of the state of Karnataka.

Kannada language has been spoken for about 2000 years, with the Kannada writing system being in use for about the last 1500 years.

There is also a sharp distinction between the spoken and written forms of Kannada. Spoken Kannada tends to vary from region to region. The written form is more or less constant throughout Karnataka, however. The ethnologue identifies about 20 dialects of Kannada.

Geographic distribution

Kannada is mainly spoken in Karnataka in India, and to a lesser extent in the neighboring states. There are significant Kannada speaking populations in the United States and the UK.

Early History

Perhaps being the oldest language next to Sanskrit, Prakrit, and Tamil, Kannada language has a rich heritage. ‘Kavirajamarga’ () of king Nripatunga (9th century A.D.) is believed to be the earliest literary work in Kannada. It is a treatise on poetics or a guide to poets indicating that Kannada was a fully developed literary language when Kavirajamarga (cu-ve-raa-ja-maarga) was composed. It refers to earlier linguists and poets whose works are not forthcoming. But from epigraphical evidence it can be surmised that the spoken Kannada language evolved much earlier than the Halmidi inscription (c. 450 A.D.). By the 10th century Kannada had its greatest ancient poets like Pampa (born 902 A.D.), Ranna ( born 949 A.D.) and special prose work like (Waddaa-raa-dhu-nae )(c. 930 A.D.) indicating that classical Kannada literature had fully evolved at least one or two centuries earlier, back to ‘Kavirajamarga’. But since none of the earlier works have survived, we have to stick to the established norm that written Kannada came into vogue by the 5th century A.D.

Kannada Alphabet

The language has 49 characters in its alphabet and is phonetic. The character set is almost identical to that of other Indian languages. The script itself is fairly complicated like most other languages of India owing to the occurrence of various combinations of “half-letters”, or symbols that attach to various letters. The number of written symbols, however, is far more than the 52 characters in the alphabet, owing to the fact that different characters can be combined to form compound characters (ottaksharas). Each written symbol in the Kannada script corresponds with one syllable, as opposed to one phoneme in languages like English.


Several transliteration schemes are used to type Kannada characters using a standard keyboard. These include ITRANS, Baraha and Nudi. The Government of Karnataka standard for Kannada transliteration is the Nudi transliteration scheme.

Kannada Class 7

SerialNo Kannada Pada English Pada Past Tense Present Tense Future Tense

Kannada Class 8


Important Verbs

To go – Hogu naanu officige hoguthene

To come – Ba naanu trekking baruthene

To run – Oodu naanu marathon ooduthene

To walk – nade naanu dina yeradu km nadeyuthene

To catch – hidi naanu infosys bus hidiyuthene

To stand – ninthu niinu bus stand alli ninthu kondiru


I. “I want to “Phrase

Most scenarios while commuting involve communicating our intention to the opposite person.

Nanage < something> beku

naanu <place>ge <action> beku

Note: When referring to a living thing use “theera”. When referring to a non living thing use “tha”

II. Replying

Remember when replying use

houdu – to say yes. Houdu, infosys bus illi baruthe. (Yes, infosys bus comes here)

Illa – to say no. illa naanu 10 rupayee extra kododilla (No, I shall not pay 10 Rs extra)

Ayithu – to say over. Naanu ticket padedu ayithu (I have taken the ticket)

Agilla – to say not over.

Words Indicating direction



Forward/ Ahead – munde

Backward/ Behind – hinde


Important Verbs

Sl No Verb To <verb> Past verb Will buy Am buying

Words for shopping

Beda – nanage ii pen beda. Bere kodi (I don’t want this pen. Give me another)

Beku – nanage aa dress beku. Pack maadi (I want that dress. Please pack it)

Bere – ii tomato chennagilla. Bere kodi (This tomato is not nice. Give me another)


Important Words

Chillare – change

Duddu – money

Numbers – numbers that were discussed in previous class.

Jyasthi – ishtu beda. idu thumba jyasthi ayithu. ( I don’t need so much. This is more than I need)

Kammi – innu solpa kodi. Idu thumba kammi ayithu (Give me some more this is too little)


Yeshtu usage

Typicall usage will be

Idu ( pointing at something) yeshtu – how much is this.

Note the differences between the following.

Yeshtu – how much

Ishtu – this much

Ashtu – that much


Scenario 1: Go to the bus stand.

Sl no Kannada version English Translation

Scenario 2: Inside the bus

Sl no Kannada version English Translation

Scenario 3: Asking an auto driver

Sl no Kannada version English Translation


Scenario 4: Shopping for groceries

Sl no Kannada version English Translation

Scenario 4: Shopping for clothes

Sl no Kannada version English Translation

Kannada Class 9

Interaction with House owner / Neighbors


Mane – house / home

Baadige – rent

Kutumba – family

Hesaru – name

Pakkada maneyavaru – Neighbours

Maduve – marriage

MakkaLu – children

Kelasa – work

Tingalu – months

Neeru – water

Mane kelasa – domestic help

Aduge – cook

Interacting with Domestic Help / Cook

Important Verbs

To wash clothes – ogi

To sweep – gudisu

To clean utensils – toLi

To mop – oresu

Come – baa

Go – hogu

Cut – hetchu

to break – odi

to grind – rubbu

Fry – huri

To cook – aduge maadu / beyisu


Paathre – utensil

Batte – clothes

Nela – floor

Porake – Broom

Neeru – water

bisi – hot

tarakaari – vegetable

enne – oil

akki – rice

beLe – dal

Interaction with House owner / Neighbor

Sl no Kannada version English Translation

Interaction with Domestic help / Cook

Sl no Kannada version English Translation

Kannada Class 10

Interaction in a restaurant


Word Meaning Usage

Important Verbs and interrogatives

yenu ide? – What is there?

This can prefixed to enquire menus. Examples are menu alli yenu ide (whats in the menu), kudiyokke yenu ide? (Whats there to drink?). In general a question of yenu ide is like asking for the entire menu.

Ideya – is there?

This can be used when we want to ask for a specific item. Examples are coffee ideya [generic form < item > ideya?]

Kodi – give

Examples: yearadu coffee kodi. – give me 2 cups of coffee.

Yeshtu – how much

Examples: Yeradu cup coffee yeshtu? – How much for two cups of coffee?
Interaction with waiter/manager

Sl no Kannada version English Translation

Enquiring for lodging

Sl no Kannada version English Translation

Kannada Class 11

Workshop 4 – Emergencies

Word Meaning

Kannada sentences English sentences



  1. Can u tell me wath do u call Tammoto in kannada

    Comment by Raghavendra | November 28, 2007 | Reply

    • chapprahannu

      Comment by rajendra | November 16, 2010 | Reply

  2. What do you call cranberry in kannada?

    Comment by Ananth | January 23, 2008 | Reply

    • it is not an Indian fruit so, we have to call them by the same name – CRANBERRY

      Comment by NIRANJAN D | August 18, 2015 | Reply

  3. Can you tell me how do you say “change clothes” in kannada?

    Comment by Dhanashri Gudi | October 7, 2008 | Reply

    • battey badhala isu

      Comment by rajendra | November 16, 2010 | Reply

    • batte badalayisu

      Comment by NIRANJAN D | August 18, 2015 | Reply

  4. 1 tammoto batte tegaduhaku

    Comment by ROOPA | June 3, 2010 | Reply

  5. dhanyavadagalu thankyou
    khshmisi sorry
    thondaregagi khshamisi sorry for the trouble

    Comment by sujatha shetty | January 3, 2011 | Reply

  6. Hi,

    I you have any doubt plz ask me i am expert in kannada becouse i studied in kannada medium.

    Comment by shivakumar | June 3, 2011 | Reply

  7. http://www.IndianLessons.com is a NRI focussed learning portal where Indian teachers can offer lessons & earn money live online. Please visit today and start teaching..thanks. We are looking for Kannada Teachers

    Comment by IndianLessons.com (@IndianLessons) | September 20, 2011 | Reply

  8. what is the meaning for shopping in kannada

    Comment by girish | March 1, 2012 | Reply

  9. what is the meaning of koskara?

    Comment by dhanesh | June 12, 2012 | Reply

    • in favour of

      Comment by vasu | July 20, 2012 | Reply

  10. please send material regarding tenses.i needs to know meanings like come,please come,it will come here,do,wiil it go.im geting confusion.

    Comment by sandiparthivivek | December 26, 2012 | Reply

  11. kannada is the oldest language in the world and it is enterd in gunnies record book.gaandu nan makla nettige information kodi.nim mokakke

    Comment by chingari | June 18, 2014 | Reply

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